A collective declaration within the United States and China, where the two superpowers stated they would work together on several climate-related actions, has surprised many.
The declaration came on Wednesday during the COP26 climate change summit in Glasgow, Scotland. The order includes several issues, from lowering carbon dioxide and methane emissions to stopping illegal deforestation.
The countries stated they would improve their efforts this decade to meet the 2015 Paris climate agreement goals. Those goals, the declaration repeated, include keeping the increase in global average temperature to well under 2 degrees C. Moreover, it will pursue attempts to restrict it to 1.5 degrees C.
The declaration said that the two sides intend to seize this critical moment to join in expanded individual and united efforts to stimulate the transition to a global net-zero economy.
It showed an intention to establish a working group that will meet periodically to address the climate crisis and improve the multilateral process, concentrating on enhancing concrete actions in this decade.
The U.S. and China’s alleged plan to work with one another was greeted broadly.
Genevieve Maricle, director of U.S. climate policy action at the World Wildlife Fund, said in a statement that the surprising and welcome joint declaration within the United States and China describes an essential commitment between the world’s two biggest emitters of greenhouse gases.
Everyone welcomes the agreement
Subsequently, the U.N. Secretary-General, António Guterres, stated that he embraced the agreement between the U.S. and China.
The references to 1.5 degrees of acceptance of the Paris Agreement looms large over talks at Glasgow.
United Nations defines this as a legally-binding international agreement on climate change. Moreover, the Paris Agreement intends to restrain global warming to under 2. Preferably it is 1.5 degrees Celsius, contrasted to pre-industrial levels.
The task is enormous. According to the UN, 1.5 degrees celsius is the upper limit when it comes to avoiding the worst outcomes of climate change.